What is the in vitro fertilization process?

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In vitro fertilization (best ivf center in lahore) is a modern effective method of infertility treatment, which is used when a man or woman has a violation in the reproductive sphere, and, despite the treatment, the couple is unable to conceive a child.

The essence of the method is that the fertilization of the egg and the initial stages of embryo development take place “in vitro”. Under laboratory conditions. The embryologist places the egg and the seed in a cup with a special nutrient medium, the most active sperm enters the egg and fertilizes it

Sometimes intracytoplasmic sperm injection ( ICSI ) is use during in vitro fertilization. The embryologist independently selects a healthy viable spermatozoon and injects it into the egg with the help of a microneedle.

Fertilized eggs are culture in special incubators, under conditions as close to natural as possible. On the 3rd or 5-6th day, the best embryo is transfer into the uterine cavity.

If necessary, immediately before the transfer the embryologist performs auxiliary hatching  – artificial excision of the membrane surrounding the embryo the remaining embryos can cryopreserved and used for the birth of the next child or a second procedure IVF with a preliminary examination may take 1.5–2 months.

When is in vitro fertilization use?

Main indications for the procedure:

Tubal infertility, when the fallopian tubes are absent, there is their obstruction or difficulty in patency if it is not possible to become pregnant within a year after the surgical restoration of patency.

Male infertility it is usually associate with a decrease in the quality of sperm: azoospermia (there are no spermatozoa in the seminal fluid), oligospermia (a decrease in the number of spermatozoa), asthenospermia (a decrease in sperm motility), teratozoospermia (a large number of spermatozoa have an irregular structure) infertility due to lack of ovulation the Infertility is caused by endometriosis.

Infertility, the causes of which cannot be identifie.

How is IVF done?

The process consists of several stages:

Stage 1. Preparation for IVF to increase the chances of success, several mature eggs are need, however, once a month, only one (rarely two) oocytes mature in a woman. To get the right number of oocytes for IVF, the product ologist stimulates with hormonal drugs, but it is also possible that the doctor simply waits for the right moment the process of hormonal stimulation is strictly controle by ultrasound after the maturation of the eggs, the next stage begins.

Stage 2. Follicle puncture. Mature eggs are retrieve transvaginally under general anesthesia and ultrasound guidance.

Stage 3. In vitro fertilization, cultivation, and transfer of the embryo into the uterine cavity.

Contraindications for IVF

By Appendix No. 2 to the order of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation No. 803n dated July 30, 2020, the restrictions for the IVF program and the transfer of cryopreserved embryos are.

Decrease in ovarian reserve (anti-Müllerian hormone level less than 1.2 ng/ml. The number of antral follicles less than 5 in total in both ovaries) (transfer of cryopreserved embryos is possible)

conditions in which there are indications for surgical correction of the organs of the reproductive system;

conditions in which there are indications for surrogate motherhood;

acute inflammatory diseases of any localization until cured

These contraindications apply not only to IVF but also to pregnancy that arose naturally.

How to prepare for IVF?

In vitro fertilization is stressful for the body and a significant psychological burden. For IVF ( ivf in lahore ) to be as successful as possible, partners participating in this program are recommended to undergo a series of preparatory activities such preparation can significantly increase the chances of a successful outcome and reduce the overall cost of the procedure.

The examination regulate by the current Order of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation dated July 31, 2020, No. 803n.

Some studies on a woman need to take place on certain days of the menstrual cycle.

The doctor will tell you about the full list of examinations at the consultation.

How effective is in vitro fertilization?

IVF is not one hundred percent but still quite a high efficiency the chances of success can exceed 50% it depends on the age and health of the woman, the causes of infertility on how conscientiously the couple follows the doctor’s recommendations at the stage of preparing and carrying out the procedure

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